Rolls-Royce reports Strong H1 2021 Financial Results after Civil Aerospace Restructuring and good Defence Performance

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Rolls Royce has delivered a strong H1 2021 financial performance attributed to the company’s ongoing focus on areas within control such as cost reduction, liquidity and operational improvement and continues to invest in new products, including new low carbon technology and solutions to decarbonise end markets.


  • Good start to the year with improving cash flow and profits from continuing operations

– Underlying operating profit £307m, up from a £(1,630)m loss in 2020 H1

– Free cash flow £(1,174)m, significantly better than prior year (2020 H1: £(2,862)m)

– Strong liquidity position with no maturities before 2024

  • Focused on delivering to plan and driving results

– Restructuring delivering results and expected to achieve >£1bn savings in 2021

– Disposal programme progressing well towards targeted proceeds of at least £2bn

– Target to turn free cash flow positive during the second half 2021

– On track to improve FY2021 free cash flow to approximately £(2.0)bn (2020: £(4.2)bn)

  • Net zero pathway launched confirming our targets and commitment to play a leading role in the transition of the markets we serve to net zero carbon emissions by 2050

Warren East, Rolls Royce Chief Executive said: “Our continued focus on the elements within our control, together with a good performance from Defence and order intake recovery in Power Systems have enabled us to deliver solid progress in the first half. The benefits of our fundamental restructuring programme in Civil Aerospace are evident in our reduced cash outflow and improved operational efficiency. This leaner cost base together with a strong liquidity position gives us confidence in our ability to withstand uncertainties around the pace of recovery in international travel and benefit from the eventual rebound. We are making disciplined investments in the new opportunities to drive future growth, particularly in net zero power where we are leading the way with innovation and engineering excellence. Our net zero pathway and targets, announced in June, set out our plan to enable the sectors in which we operate achieve net zero by 2050 by driving step-change improvements in engine efficiency, helping accelerate the take-up of sustainable fuels and developing new technologies.”

More from Rolls-Royce’s Press Release:

In Civil Aerospace, first half operational performance saw an overall improvement with a recovery in business aviation and domestic large engine flying activity together with substantial cost benefits from our fundamental restructuring programme, which is reducing the size of our cost base by around a third. Large engine LTSA flying hours were 43% of the 2019 level, up from the 34% in H2 2020; 92 large engine major shop visits were completed and 100 large engines were delivered. We have already seen a return to 2019 levels of flying activity for our business aviation engines and for large engines operated on domestic flying routes.

Our Defence business continues to perform well with resilient demand that has not been impacted by COVID-19. First half performance benefitted from improving operational performance which enabled the earlier delivery of spare engines and higher spare parts sales, which historically have been more second half weighted. This favourable timing and mix in the first half is expected to result in a stronger first half versus second half performance, hence our full year expectations for Defence are unchanged. Our strong order book in Defence gives us confidence in our outlook with £1.2bn order intake in period and more than 70% of 2022 expected revenues covered by the order book.

In Power Systems, revenues were broadly stable in the first half with an increase in services offset by a reduction in original equipment (OE) deliveries. Operating profit benefitted from a rise in higher-margin aftermarket spare parts, partly offset by low factory utilisation on OE manufacturing. Order intake was up 19% to £1.4bn (2020 H1: £1.2bn), with a 1.2x book-to-bill ratio, showing recovery in our end markets led by demand in marine, governmental and power generation markets. Interest in lower carbon solutions is growing and we are increasing our relative R&D investment in these products. The recovery in OE order intake is expected to be realised as revenue over the next 6-12 months.

Our net zero commitment and new low-carbon growth opportunities

In June, we announced our net zero pathway setting our short and medium-term targets and showing how we will focus our technological capabilities to play a leading role in enabling significant elements of the global economy to reach net zero carbon by 2050. To achieve this, we are developing new technologies, enabling an accelerated take-up of sustainable fuels and driving step-change improvements in fuel efficiency, within aviation, shipping and power generation. By 2030, we plan to make all our new products compatible with net zero and by 2050 all our products in operation will be compatible.

In addition to meeting the net zero challenge for our existing activities, we are also investing in new opportunities and markets, laying the foundations for future growth beyond our current portfolio.

We are at the forefront of the development of electrical aerospace propulsion systems which are opening up exciting incremental growth opportunities with significant commercial potential. Earlier this year we announced an agreement with Wideroe and Tecnam to power an electric regional aircraft by 2026. We are testing our 2.5MW power generation system for potential use in hybrid-electric aerospace propulsion. Our urban air mobility partner, Vertical Aerospace, took a step forwards in June with the announcement of its planned US listing and up to $4bn in pre-orders for up to 1,000 eVTOL aircraft.

Rolls-Royce SMR power stations have been designed to deliver low cost, net zero carbon nuclear power and are on a pathway to be connected to the UK grid in the early 2030s with the further opportunity of substantial export potential. In addition to stable base load power, they will be able to provide energy for the net-zero manufacture of green hydrogen and synthetic fuels. We are now approaching the second phase of the programme, which will include entering the UK licensing process later this year, supported by new third party investment that unlocks multi-year UK Government matched funding of £210m.

To enable our net zero ambitions and to drive new business growth in low-carbon technologies we are increasing the proportion of gross R&D spend on lower carbon and net zero technologies to 75% by 2025.

Outlook – We continue to expect to turn free cash flow positive sometime during the second half of this year and to achieve an improvement in full year free cash outflow to around £(2.0)bn (FY2020: £(4.2)bn). This is driven by our actions to reduce costs, continued strength in Defence, growth in Power Systems and a gradual recovery in Civil Aerospace.

Looking further ahead, we are confident that when border restrictions are lifted the recovery of international travel will accelerate. Free cash flow of at least £750m (before disposals) is still achievable in a 12-month period when EFH exceed 80% of 2019 levels, supported by our lower cost base in Civil Aerospace which is now a third smaller. However, based on current industry forecasts for the pace of recovery in international travel, this is likely to occur beyond the initial expected timeframe of 2022. We are positive on the near-term opportunities in Defence and Power Systems and in our new business areas in electricals and small modular reactors (SMR). We will remain agile in our response to external factors, continuing to deliver on our restructuring, rebuilding our balance sheet while investing in our future.


Courtesy – @Rolls-Royce


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